Over the centuries people have considered creativity as a way of ‘beautifying the environment, a form of self-expression and communication, or a way of understanding, opening up or coping with the previously unknown’. Nowadays, creativity is seen as the main condition for the development and existence of high technologies such as microelectronics or cybernetics. At the same time, it has penetrated into all scopes of life: science, culture, arts, agriculture, industry, engineering, management, government, armed forces and other fields. Therefore, creative people are considered as ‘the vital resource needed to meet and conquer competition for markets and market shares, for instance through creative design and creative production or marketing’.Besides, it causes the emergence of creative transformational leaders and progressive managers who work on innovations in all scopes of the modern life including government, military forces and other state institutions. Therefore, creativity is seen as the key point to establish certain conditions for the rapid development of economic, political, social, scientific, and cultural life of each contemporary country by modernizing all industrial branches and improving education and healthcare with the further growth of democracy and stability.
Basically, creativity consists of three main elements: novelty, effectiveness, and ethicality. They characterize a final product of the creative work, as well as an idea or method of its making. At the same time, creativity describes a person who did the work from the point of view on his or her ‘abilities, knowledge, skills, motives, attitudes and values, as well as, personal properties such as openness, flexibility, or courage’. Each individual has inherited properties and the acquired ones, and one of the main tasks of a teacher or an educator is to develop the necessary skills in her or his students in order to help them to become creative persons. Educational settings play one of the most important roles in enhancing creativity in students because the future development of the necessary properties depends on certain educational processes and environment created by a teacher or an educator.
Unfortunately, teachers can also block creativity in their learners. Each individual has certain psychological properties which can be divided into four groups, ‘general and specific knowledge, thinking skills related to creativity, motivation, and personal properties’. Some teachers can block creativity by elementary inattentiveness to their students, for instance, by not motivating them. As a rule, students are very sensitive to marks and teachers’ attitudes to learning. They form their own point of view on the educational process in particular and on their life in the school as a whole. Therefore, each injustice can lead to the block of creativity. It is necessary to recognize one’s own mistakes for creating the proper environment in the class. Yet teacher’s job might be overwhelming at times and some tools like plagiarism checker for teachers might help to automate these processes and allocate more time to motivate students. Teacher is also a leader that not only punishes them for mistakes, but helps them to gain knowledge and improve their creative properties for becoming successful people in the future.
Creativity is one of the most important skills in the contemporary life. Therefore, one of the main tasks of a teacher is to develop this feature in his or her students. There are many approaches to solve the problem with creativity, but the most interesting one was suggested by Diakidoy and Phitaka who propose their own way to facilitate the feature. According to them, it is necessary to take great pains with ‘utilizing open-ended and divergent-thinking tasks, encouraging problem solving, discovery of knowledge, questioning and critical thinking, independence, self-expression, interests, and novelties’. Therefore, teachers should improve relations with the students, the climate in the class, as well as connections with students’ families and the discipline during the educational process. In order to boost creativity, teachers can apply the differential method for strengthening the discipline and enhancing creativity among all students irrespective of their level of knowledge. The next important step is to maintain the close partnership with various creative groups such as actors or artists. Various educational computer programs enhance creativity of students, but outdoor lessons are better for the development of the skill.
At the same time, each teacher should keep in mind that he or she does not have the right to make mistakes because the students consider their teachers as leaders. Therefore, each teacher should be a wise person to recognize his or her own mistakes in order to make correct decisions for the future teaching. The next factors that might block creativity are the possible lack of modern instructions or equipment, as well as the lack of the sufficient experience in planning and conducting creative lessons.